Hearing about the name of Jeep, people will imagine the type of strong and big car. Jeep is an American car brand that has the head office in 1941 in Toledo, Ohio, USA. The “extreme shape” still make people want to have it. The made of Jeep starting from World War II, the US Army needed a light spy vehicle that could be used for Ford car Model T in July 1940. The specification of this car must have a carrying capacity of 272 kilograms, ground clearance less than 914 millimeters, with 3 seats, a windshield can be folded and weighs 590 kilograms with the four-wheel drive system. Therefore, it rose the idea of making this Jeep. From the 135 automotive factories offered, only 3 companies gave the response, Bantam, Willys and Ford.
According to Forbes magazine, the Jeep prototype was first developed by American Bantam Car Company from Butler and completed by AD at Camp Holabird, Baltimore on September 23, 1940. Then Willys Overland (1941) presented the prototype “Quad” (the name for a 4×4 system that became the special identity) to the US Army. Amazingly, the process was completed in 75 days. The name Jeep was common on trucks in the Republic of Oklahoma in early 1934. Some people said the name Jeep comes from the abbreviation GP (General Purpose). However, another version mentioned that Irving “Red” Haussmann first mentioned Jeep’s name, he is the one who did a test drive at Holabird Army Camp.
Jeep is a vehicle with the type of Sport Utility Vehicle (SUV) which able to carry passengers but it is designed as small trucks. Another car that same as Jeep, other types of car that are part of this class are sedans, picked-up car, minibuses and small trucks. Jeep brand has been dominated by many American companies, starting from Kaiser Motors, American Motors Corporation (AMC) until finally owned by Chrysler Group, LLC until now. Even so, Jeep car is a legendary car in all the time. Jeep has become famous after the war, even it’s already available in the world especially in Japan by Mitsubishi Motors and Toyota, in France by Delahaye and by Hotchkiss et Cie. However, in 1954 Hotchkiss produced Jeep under the License of Willys.
Jeep itself is one brand which is quite successful, and Jeep became a weapon owned by the FCA. Launching a new product by keeping the tradition didn’t make it leaving the essence of a Jeep. Jeep car has a lot of models, from Bantam Pilot which was first issued in 1940 and then Willys Quad in 1941. Since the war, Jeep inspired a number of other vehicles, such as Land Rover. There are many variants of Jeep serving similar military and civilian have been designed in other countries. The forms have already encouraged progress from year by year and more modern to civil society who like this model. The style of this car seemed tough, strong and expert. Indeed, the price is quite expensive, but it is proportional or we can say it is balanced as the specifications this car brand has.
In some countries, Jeep is one of the popular car brands especially for the people who love off-road. The masculine and strong style of this car make it as the choice for a daily car, also could be as the adventure car. From all the variants of Jeep products, the most famous in the current time is the Jeep Wrangler which is the second generation of Willys MB (the first generation were Willys MA) that produced in 1940 to 1980.
In this era, Wrangler comes with several variants, such as Wrangler Rubicon, Wrangler sport, and Wrangler Sahara. Jeep Hummer began appearing in 1990 to 2008. Jeep CJ7 was the seventh generation of Jeep product. Jeep Cherokee was launched in 1974 to 2008 in California. Jeep Grand Wagoneer became famous in the 1980s which was only produced for 28 years. Grand Wagoneer made in 1963 to 1991.
Even in Thailand, Jeeps are used as the public transport for passengers according to certain routes similar to a bus. The name is Jeepney. The Thailand people called it as Dyip or Dyipni. Jeepneys are designed from Jeep by making the back side of the car bigger and it could allow them to carry more passengers.
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